Crop Products We Offer

Crop Products We Offer

India is known as a farming powerhouse in the world. With a huge portion of its area dedicated to farming, the whole country’s farming industry is poised to grow and flourish in the coming decades. Here at FarmerFriend, we have come up with an online platform that will directly connect the farmers to the consumers. There are no middlemen involved in the process.

They earn the entire profit for their harvest, and you get high-quality products from our local farms. That’s truly a win-win situation. We offer a wide range of items for our customers. You are guaranteed to get the best and fresh products available in the market. See our list below. 

Crops Found in India

Did you know that half of India’s residents are farmers? Much of the residents in rural areas are reliant on farming as their primary source of income and livelihood. The agro-climates in every region of the nation are diverse that can cater to the cultivation of different crops. The crops can be divided into 3 categories based on the cropping season. The major crops of India are divided into 4.

In this page, you won’t only get a list of products, but you’ll gain a better insight into the local produce of India. We want to inform our readers and buyers about what kind of products we offer every season. You’ll discover that there is much to learn about these crop products.

Read below for the crop categories grown in a specific season and the main crops in each region.

The crops are grown during 3 main cropping seasons, namely, the Kharif, Rabi and Zaid. There are certain crops ideal for every season and a particular region. Cultivating diverse crops helps sustain the health and productivity of the soil.

  1. Kharif (summer/monsoon crops)

Crops are sown from June to July and are harvested from September to October. These summer/monsoon crops are usually planted in the following regions:

  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Assam
  • Kerala
  • Maharashtra
  • Odisha (in its coastal regions)
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Telangana

The main crops are:

  • Cotton
  • Groundnuts
  • Jute
  • Millets (Bajra and Jowar)
  • Maize
  • Red chillies
  • Rice
  • Pulses
  • Soybean
  • Sugarcane
  • Turmeric
  • Urad
  1. Rabi

These are the winter crops that are reaped in the spring. They are sown in the last week of October up to December and are harvested from April to June. It mainly consists of the following:

  • Barley
  • Gram
  • Mustard
  • Peas
  • Sesame
  • Wheat

The main regions where these crops are planted are in:

  • Haryana
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Jammu
  • Kashmir
  • Punjab
  • Uttarakhand
  • Uttar Pradesh
  1. Zaid

These crops are sown and harvested between the Rabi and Kharif season which is from March to July. They are planted in most northern and northwestern states. The crops usually grown during these months are:

  • Fodder crops
  • Seasonal fruits such as the watermelon and muskmelon
  • Vegetables like the bitter gourd, ridge gourd and pumpkin

Main Crop Products

When it comes to dividing the major crops, they are categorized into food grains, cash crops, plantation crops and horticulture crops. 

Rice (food grain)

Rice is ideally grown in temperatures between 22 to 32°C with high humidity. It needs around 150 to 300 cm. rainfall and a combination of clay and loamy soil to grow and thrive. It is a staple food crop in India that’s why you’ll see that many of its states are producing rice. Placing second to China, the country is the next largest rice producer in the world. The top Indian states with the highest number of rice production are:

  • West Bengal
  • Punjab
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Bihar

There are 3 rice crops (Aman, Aus and Boro) grown every year in the states of Assam, West Bengal and Odisha. One-third of the cultivated land in India is devoted to rice. Other states that grow rice are Gujarat, Haryana, Kashmir Valley, Kerala and Madhya Pradesh. There are a few government efforts that promote rice cultivation such as the National Food Security Mission.

Wheat (food grain)

There are two ideal temperatures for sowing and harvesting. When planting wheat, it’s best to plant at a temperature of 10 to 15°C. The best climatic conditions are between 21 to 26°C with bright sunlight for ripening and harvesting. It requires around 75 to 100 cm. of rainfall, which is less than the rice, and well-drained loamy or clay-loamy soil.

The Green Revolution of the 70s contributed to the increase of Rabi crops, especially wheat. It is second to the rice and considered a Rabi crop. The north and north-western part of India considers it as their main food crop and second most important cereal crop.

The top states for producing wheat are:

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Punjab
  • Haryana
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Rajasthan

Millets/Nutri-cereals (food grain)

These Kharif crops are planted during warm weather, ideally between 27 to 32°C. It strives in alluvial or loamy soil and requires around 50 to 100 cm. of rainfall. There are three types of millets, or coarse grains, that are widely grown in India and these are the Jowar, Bajra and Ragi. They have high nutritional value and are mostly used as food and fodder. 

As dryland crops, they are low-maintenance and can be cultivated easily in soils with deficiencies. The top states that grow Jowar are:

  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Karnataka
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Tamil Nadu

The main regions that cultivate Bajra are:

  • Gujarat
  • Haryana
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Rajasthan
  • Uttar Pradesh

Out of the three popular millets that are grown in India, Jowar has the highest production and is cultivated in more areas. The Initiative for Nutritional Security through Intensive Millets is an example of the government’s programs for the increased and sustained production of millets.

Pulses (food grain)

These crops are legumes that are highly produced in India. The country is considered as both its highest producer and consumer in the world. They thrive in temperatures ranging from 20 to 27°C and with rainfall around 25 to 60 cm. They are best planted in sandy-loamy soil.

Pulses are great sources of protein for vegetarians in the country. Gram and tur (arhar) are regarded as the most important pulses produced. These crops can help restore the health of the soils by providing it with nitrogen from the air so they are planted in rotation with other crops. Other pulses grown are masur, moong, peas and urad.

The top states that grow them are:

  • Karnataka
  • Madya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Rajasthan
  • Uttar Pradesh

Maize (food grain)

India ranks seventh in the largest producer of maize worldwide. Also known as corn, they are mainly used as food and fodder. Requiring a temperature between 21 to 27°C and high rainfall, this cereal grain grows best in old alluvial soil.

It is widely grown in the following states:

  • Karnataka
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Telangana

Cotton (cash crop)

Cotton has many uses in India. They are an essential fibre crop and its seeds are used as vegetable oil. The fodder of milk-producing cows includes cotton to increase their milk production. Modest rainfall and high temperature (between 21 to 30°C) are required for its optimum growth.

The ideal soils for cotton are the black, alluvial and laterite soils. It is a Kharif crop that grows well in frost-free environments. The top states that produce cotton are Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

Groundnut (cash crop)

India considers the groundnut as a vital oilseed. Coming second to China, it is the largest producer in the world. It’s both a Rabi and Kharif crop and thrives in temperatures between 20 to 30°C with around 50 to 75 cm. rainfall. They usually grow in well-drained light sandy loam soil or red, yellow and black soils. They are mainly produced in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.

Sugarcane (cash crop)

India produces millions of tonnes of sugarcane every year. It’s a native product of South Asian countries. It grows best in loamy soil that can retain water. Calcium, nitrogen and phosphorus must also be present in the soil. They are mainly produced in:

  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Goa
  • Gujarat
  • Karnataka
  • Kerala
  • Maharashtra
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Pondicherry

Coffee and tea

These are the two main plantation crops produced in India. The country produces and consumes the largest amount of black tea in the world. It also ranks high in the top producer of coffee worldwide.

Why Choose Us?

There are so many benefits to buying local products. It is better for you and the communities of small and marginal farmers in India. There are many issues faced by the farming industry, but we make sure to do our part in making a sustainable change in this sector.

We highly appreciate your support, not just for our cause, but also to the entire farming community especially to the local farmers that are located in poor rural areas.

You can get these great products and more on the FarmerFriend site. You can contact us directly for the complete price list for single and bulk orders. Head over to the contact page for the details. Let’s continue to help the farmers by supporting local products.